Recent national report of 2016 reveals that 389 teenagers under 15 years of age were drowned in hot tubs and pools in U.S. About 74% of deaths were of kids below 5 years.
Nikki Fleming, leader of Consumer Product Safety Commission’s sponsored campaign; Pool Safely said that there has been an increase in the number of deaths of children below 15 years of age due to drowning. He also said that according to the numbers, drowning is still the main cause of accidental death of kids of 1–4 years and second main reason for deaths of children between 5 and 14 years. He further informed that the peak months for accidents are May to August. However, June is the month in which most number of children loses their lives due to drowning.
From 2016-2018, there have been around 6,600 emergency cases due to spa or pool injuries. The CPSC has found one risk, “suction entrapment” to be a very serious cause of deaths in pools. In this, children get trapped in the suction outlet in a spa or pool. A large number of children have died while trapped in the pool drains.
In 2008, a safety act was passed to secure the pool drains by covering them and preventing trapping through suction openings. The act, Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act was named on the granddaughter of James Baker, the former Secretary of U.S. State. She died in 2002when she was 7 due to suction entrapment in the pool.
Lenox Hill Hospital’s emergency physician, Dr. Robert Glatter, gave some tips to keep the children safe in the pools and spas. The tips included crucial points like keeping an eye on them the whole time, keeping very small kids at an arm’s length only, installing a four-sided fence and a pool alarm.